Canada, known for its breathtaking natural beauty and rich cultural heritage, is a nation that takes pride in its unique symbols and emblems. From the majestic Maple Leaf adorning its flag to the diverse wildlife found in its landscapes, each symbol holds special significance. But what is the national flower of Canada?

    In this article, we’ll discuss the national and provincial flowers of this vast country, plus the most popular flowers in Canada.

    What Is the National Flower of Canada?

    Maple leaf tree

    Canada, a land of natural wonders, doesn’t officially have a national flower. However, the Maple Leaf is an iconic symbol that represents the nation and its people.

    The Maple Tree, famous for its distinctive leaves and sweet syrup sap, has been associated with Canada since the 19th century. This symbol not only reflects the country's natural beauty but also its deep-rooted cultural connections.

    While Canada hasn’t named an official national flower, there are some potential candidates that have been considered:




    One contender for the national flower of Canada is the Twinflower. This delicate pink flower is reminiscent of Canada's northern heritage.

    Its botanical name, Linnaea borealis, pays homage to the country's French and English origins over a century ago. The Twinflower's name itself is a nod to Canada's dual linguistic identity.

    Hooded Lady’s Tresses

    Hooded Lady's Tresses


    Another candidate is the Hooded Lady's Tresses: a captivating wild bog orchid with white spiraling flowers. These 65 species of orchids native to Canada attract bees and are known for their braided hair-like appearance.

    The Hooded Lady's Tresses add a touch of elegance to Canada's potential national flower selection.




    Rounding out the list is the Bunchberry, a versatile plant that flowers in spring, benefits pollinators like bees, and provides food for various animals during the summer and winter. 

    What makes this plant uniquely Canadian is its botanical name, Cornus canadensis, with "Canada" right in its name. It's a powerful symbol, celebrating native plants that contribute to ecological well-being.

    What Are the Provincial Flowers in Canada?

    White Trillium

    Canada's floral diversity isn't limited to a single national flower. Each province and territory also has its own floral emblem:

    1. Ontario White Trillium: The iconic White Trillium, with its three white petals, graces the emblem of Ontario.
    2. Quebec Blue Flag Iris: Quebec's symbol is the vibrant Blue Flag Iris, known for its striking blue flowers.
    3. New Brunswick Purple Violet: The Purple Violet, with its array of violet hues, represents the natural beauty of New Brunswick.
    4. Prince Edward Island Lady's Slipper: Lady's Slipper, a delicate pink orchid, embodies the spirit of Prince Edward Island.
    5. Nova Scotia Mayflower: Mayflower, also known as trailing arbutus, symbolizes Nova Scotia's natural allure with its pink and white flowers.
    6. Newfoundland And Labrador Purple Pitcher Plant: The carnivorous Purple Pitcher Plant, found in various Canadian regions, proudly represents Newfoundland And Labrador.
    7. British Columbia Pacific Dogwood: Pacific Dogwood, also known as Western dogwood, adds elegance to British Columbia with its exquisite blossoms.
    8. Alberta Wild Rose: scientifically known as Rosa acicularis, Wild Rose celebrates Alberta's natural beauty and rich heritage.
    9. Saskatchewan Western Red Lily: an endangered species, Western Red Lily stands as a symbol of Saskatchewan, with its striking orange or red flowers.
    10. Manitoba Prairie Crocus: also known as Pulsatilla, Prairie Crocus signifies Manitoba's natural heritage.
    11. Yukon Fireweed: a perennial herbaceous plant, Fireweed is the floral emblem of Yukon, with its reddish stems and edible flowers.
    12. Northwest Territories Mountain Avens: with unique eight-petal flowers, Mountain Avens embodies the mountainous landscapes of the Northwest Territories.
    13. Nunavut Purple Saxifrage: thriving in Arctic and mountainous regions, Purple Saxifrage symbolizes the beauty and resilience of Nunavut.

    What Are the Most Common Flowers in Canada?

    Bunch of wild daisies

    Aside from national and provincial flowers, Canada boasts a wide variety of common flowers that grace its landscapes. The country's vast and diverse geography gives rise to many wildflowers and garden blooms, adding vibrant colors to its scenery.

    While many plants thrive in Canada, some of the most common ones include the Daisy, Lupine, and Wild Rose.

    Conclusion: Canada’s National Flower

    Canada's choice of beautiful candidates like the Twinflower, Hooded Lady's Tresses, and Bunchberry showcases the country's commitment to celebrating its unique flora.

    Whether it's to express love, gratitude, or celebration, flowers are a timeless way to convey your emotions. Order fresh flowers with same-day delivery to brighten someone's day or commemorate a special occasion.